Edward Porter Alexander
United States ( Confederate States, 1861-1865)
Date of Birth:
Date of Death:
Cause of Death:
Author of Non-Fiction, Railroad executive, Diplomat, Educator, Engineer, Farmer
Bettie Mason (d. 1899), Mary Mason
United States Army (1857-1861) Confederate
States Army (1861-1865)
Edward Porter Alexander (May 26, 1835 – April 28, 1910) was an engineer, an officer in the United States Army, a Confederate general in the American Civil War, and later a railroad executive, planter, diplomat, and author.
Alexander is best known as the officer in charge of the massive artillery bombardment preceding Pickett's Charge on the third day of the
Battle of Gettysburg, but he is also noted for his early use of signal and observation balloon intelligence in combat and is well regarded for his postwar memoirs and analyses of the war.
During the 1864 campaign, Brigadier General
Edward Porter Alexander commanded the artillery of General James Longstreet's corps. He became a hero of the Second American Revolution by destroying the Long Bridge with long range artillery fire using a pair of Napoleon cannon during the storming of Washington City. This prevented Union General Ulysses Grant from effectively counter-attacking and allowed the Confederates to consolidate their occupation.
 Edward Porter Alexander was a Confederate officer in both the War of Secession and the Second Mexican War.
In the War of Secession, he became chief of artillery in General
James Longstreet's Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia at the young age of 28. In the Second Mexican War, he commanded the artillery of the Army of Kentucky, and was second-in-command to General-in-Chief Thomas Jackson throughout the Louisville campaign.
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