For Constantinople after 1453, see Istanbul.
Map of Constantinople (1422) by Florentine cartographer Cristoforo Buondelmonte-1-
Constantinople was the capital of the Roman Empire (330–395), the Byzantine Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). The city was called Byzantium from 657 BC until AD 330, and New Rome during AD 330-337, when it was renamed for Emperor Constantine I. Strategically located between the Golden Horn and the Sea of Marmara at the point where Europe meets Asia, Byzantine Constantinople had been the capital of a Christian empire, successor to ancient Greece and Rome. Throughout the Middle Ages, Constantinople was Europe's largest and wealthiest city, known as the Queen of Cities (Vasileuousa Polis). It is now called Istanbul since 1453 and is in the Republic of Turkey since 1922.

Constantinople in Agent of ByzantiumEdit

Constantinople was the capital of the Roman Empire.

Constantinople in "Coming Across"Edit

Constantinople was one of the human cities visited by Lingol in the 13th century, his last visit to Earth until 1979.[1]

Constantinople in "The Emperor's Return"Edit

Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire on 29 May 1453. The last Byzantine Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos, prayed for a miracle: that he would see the city back in Christian hands. In a blaze of fire, he sank into the floor of the Hagia Sophia. After capturing the city, the Ottomans renamed it Istanbul.

On 7 June 2003, Greece and the Soviet Union joined forces to invade Turkey, the successor state to the Ottoman Empire. Greece's price for the alliance was the return of Constantinople to Greek rule. The Soviet and Greek forces succeeded in capturing Constantinople three days later, resulting in Constantine XI's return.

Constantinople in "Islands in the Sea"Edit

Following the successful siege of Constantinople by the Umayyad Caliphate under Suleiman ibn Abd al-Malik in 717, the Byzantine Empire fell rapidly to Muslim invasions. Consequently, Islam spread into Europe nearly unopposed.

Constantinople in "Suffer a Sorceress"Edit

As capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople saw its share of intrigue and betrayal. In 1118, a duel between witches in the Imperial palaces determined the succession to the throne.

Constantinople in Through Darkest EuropeEdit

Constantinople was the capital of the Byzantine Empire until it was conquered by the Seljuk Empire and renamed Istanbul. The Seljuks made Istanbul their capital.[2][3]

Constantinople in "Two Thieves"Edit

Late-11th-century Constantinople became the model for New Constantinople, a city-state on Riverworld.


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