The Principality of Andorra, in the Pyrenees Mountains on the French–Spanish border, was established in 1278 by the Treaty of Joint Suzerainty between the Catalan Bishop of Urgell and the Occitan Counts of Foix, whose descendants inherited Navarre in 1479 and then the French monarchy in 1589. In 1607, it was established that the two princes of Andorra would be the Bishop of Urgell and the King of France. In the early 1806, Emperor Napoleon I of France determined that the King of France's Princely slot would be held by France's head of state, regardless of what his title may be. Thus the Princely rights have been continued under the executive heads of the various different governments in France, most recently under the Fifth French Republic. Even today, France's elected President also becomes the Co-Prince of Andorra, the other Co-Prince still being the incumbent Bishop of Urgell. This peculiarity makes the President of France, in his capacity as Prince of Andorra, the only reigning monarch actually elected in regular intervals by popular vote. However, the people of Andorra are not counted in the popular vote. (The Malaysian monarch and papacy are also elected, but not by popular vote.)
This category focuses on those who held the title in OTL. In all likelihood, Turtledove's fictional French heads of state, such Charles XI and François IV, also served as Co-Prince, but this was never addressed in the text, and so should not be presumed.
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