The biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings. The biplane was the standard design for most aircraft in the early years of aviation, and became the main vehicle for the various air forces in World War I. While a biplane wing structure has a structural advantage, it produces more drag than a similar monoplane wing. Improved structural techniques and materials and the need for greater speed made the biplane configuration obsolete for most purposes by the late 1930s.
Biplane in Southern Victory
When the Great War began, biplanes were the standard air craft of the day. In the early months of the war, they were used for reconnaissance, but quickly turned to combat roles to assist the army in their attacks and defense.
After the war, biplanes continued to make up the front line fighters of all major air forces until the late 1930s with the introduction of newer and faster monoplanes. However, the Confederate States continued to use biplanes such as Boll Weevils on secondary fronts during the Second Great War.
In the 1930s, biplanes continued to be used in civilian tasks such as crop-dusting. However, insurgents such as the Mormons during the Second Great War uprising could and did repurpose such aeroplanes for war. They successfully attacked a U.S. Army camp outside Woodside, Utah by dropping a crate of explosives from a biplane.
Biplane in The War That Came Early
When the Second World War broke out in October, 1938, many European nations still had biplanes as their front line fighters. These were hopelessly outmatched by the newer monoplane fighters like the German 109, but they still proved deadly as CAS interceptors and operating in CAS rolls.
Biplane in Worldwar
Although the biplane was outdated by 1942, the Soviet Air Force's desperate situation forced them to utilize biplanes. Ludmila Gorbunova of the Red Air Force flew a Kukuruznik-model plane at the beginning of 1942, and continued to use it effectively after the Race's Conquest Fleet invaded Earth. Generally, the Race saw little to worry about in the small, underpowered plane. Indeed, the Soviet authorities decided that Gorbunova's plane was so safe from attack that they ordered her to carry Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov to a diplomatic meeting in Germany in 1942.
Ludmila's plane was an agricultural aircraft equipped with machine guns and a five-cylinder radial engine.
- Return Engagement, pgs. 288-290, hc.