Benito Juárez
Historical Figure
Nationality: Mexico
Date of Birth: 1806
Date of Death: 1872
Cause of Death: Heart Attack
Religion: Catholicism in public, Deism in private
Occupation: Lawyer, Politician, Soldier, Revolutionary
Spouse: Margarita Maza
Children: Eleven (only five lived to adulthood)
Political Party: Liberal Party
Political Office(s): State Legislator of Oaxaca,
Governor of Oaxaca,
President of Mexico
Fictional Appearances:
The Guns of the South
POD: January 17, 1864
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference

Benito Juárez (21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872) was a Mexican lawyer and politician of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca who served as the President of Mexico from 1858-1872. His tenure as president saw interruption during the Reform War and the during the subsequent French occupation. From 1863-67, Juárez led a government-in-exile while opposing the reign of Emperor Maximilian I, who was actually reform-minded himself, and offered Juárez the office of prime minister. Juárez refused. In 1867 Maximilian was defeated, and Juárez returned to his office formally. He was subsequently re-elected in 1867 and in 1871, and died in office of a heart attack. He was the first Mexican leader who did not have a military background, and also the first full-blooded indigenous national to lead any country in the New World.

Benito Juárez in The Guns of the South[]

In 1867, Benito Juárez met with a series of defeats at the hands of the forces of Emperor Maximilian I, who was supported by French troops.[1]

While U.S. President Horatio Seymour did send troops to the U.S.-Mexican border as "moral support" for the rebels,[2] even that limited aid vanished when the U.S. went to war with Britain.[3]


  1. The Guns of the South, pg. 376.
  2. Ibid., pg. 362.
  3. Ibid., pg. 376.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ignacio Comonfort
President of Mexico
Succeeded by
Maximilian I
as Emperor of Mexico
Preceded by
Maximilian I
as Emperor of Mexico
President of Mexico
Succeeded by
Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada