Bavaria (Bayern in German) is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of the country. It is the largest German state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany. Its capital is Munich.
One of the oldest states of Europe, Bavaria was established as a duchy in the mid 1st millennium. Eventually it became a kingdom. During the German Empire (1871-1918), Bavaria's king was subject to the German Emperor. All monarchies in Germany were abolished at the end of World War I in 1918.