|Battle of Fort Pillow|
|Part of the American Civil War|
|United States||Confederate States|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Lionel F. Booth†|
|N. B. Forrest
|Detachments from three units (approx. 600)|
Second U.S. Colored Light Artillery
Sixth U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry (U.S.)
|1st Division, Forrest's Cavalry Corps (1,500 - 2,500)|
|Casualties and losses|
|574 (277 - 297 killed)||100 (14 killed, 86 wounded)|
The Battle of Fort Pillow was a conflict in the American Civil War that took place on April 12, 1864.
Battle of Fort Pillow in Fort Pillow
Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked Fort Pillow with between 1500 and 2000 men. The fort was lightly defended by the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry (U.S.) and the Sixth U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery, both of which were relatively green units unprepared for the fierce battle which followed, and by the USS New Era, a gunboat whose role in the battle was largely neutralized by topography.
Confederate forces easily defeated the US garrison in the fort's outer perimeter, and Forrest sent the fort's commander, Major William Bradford (though he thought he was speaking with Major Lionel F. Booth, a misconception which Bradford used to his advantage) an offer to receive the garrison as prisoners of war if they surrendered, as their situation had clearly become hopeless.
Bradford, expecting reinforcements, stalled Forrest for as long as possible before finally refusing to surrender. (During the ceasefire called for Bradford's and Forrest's correspondence, the reinforcements had arrived by gunboat but found that Forrest's men had positioned themselves in such a way that left the Union forces unable to land, possibly in violation of the rules of warfare.) Forrest threatened that he would not answer for the conduct of his troops in that case. When Confederate forces breached the fort's inner perimeter and drove Union forces down to the banks of the Mississippi River, where they drove the New Era away right when it could have become truly useful.
As their situation became hopeless, many of the Union soldiers, Tennessee Tories and United States Colored Troops, attempted to surrender. Some succeeded, others were massacred. Many more fought to the death. And after the battle, many survivors were massacred by Confederate forces.
Forrest, realizing that the battlefield was untenable, abandoned Fort Pillow the next day after allowing two gunboats from the U.S. Navy to evacuate Union survivors.
Battle of Fort Pillow in The Guns of the South
Andries Rhoodie praised Nathan Bedford Forrest's men at Fort Pillow for summarily killing any "kaffirs" found bearing arms. General Robert E. Lee was puzzled as to how Rhoodie had got this news so quickly, but then remembered that it was ancient history to Rhoodie, the man from the future.
- Fort Cushion, a Detian fort in The War Between the Provinces Series that is based on Fort Pillow and is a site of a major battle of the same name during the Detinan Civil War.