Alexandria (اسكندريه, pronounced [eskendeˈrejjæ] in Egyptian Arabic) is the second largest city in Egypt, with a population of 4.1 million, extending about 32 km (20 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country. It is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. Alexandria is Egypt's largest seaport, serving approximately 80% of Egypt's imports and exports. It is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez. Alexandria is also an important tourist resort.
Alexandria, Egypt, was an ancient city even as the Roman Empire reckoned things. It was the capital of the Ptolemies before Rome had acquired the province, and the Augustal prefect continued to use their palace as the place of government. Because of its age, its citizens were among the few that felt Constantinople was the "newcomer" rather than the city.
During 1316 to 1317, an anti-icon movement began in Egypt. Sailors from a grain ship from Alexandria started a riot in Constantinople over the issue when they described the turmoil up and down the Nile.Arsakios, the patriarch of the city convened a synod to try to settle the matter. He later presented the synod's anti-icon results at the Ecumenical Council of 1317.
Alexandria was the capital of Egypt, one of the most modern and enlightened nations in the world.Alexandria was home to a medical madrasa that educated people from all over the world, including Europe.
In the early 21st century, Aquinist terrorists detonated three truck bombs simultaneously outside the Majlis Hall in Alexandria, essentially leaving Egypt without a government for a time.
Unfortunately, in the summer of 1942, the war in North Africa was going against the British, as Germany came to Italy's aid, and the Afrika Korps sent the British into a perpetual retreat to Alexandria.